How To Use A Hot Glue Gun (Full Tutorial)
How to Use a Glue Gun
For arts and crafts and quick, easy patch-ups, nothing beats a hot glue gun. Unlike other adhesives, hot glue goes on smoothly, dries fast and holds firm when applied to all sorts of different surfaces. While its hold is not the strongest, it can be used to bond a greater diversity of materials than almost any other glue. Using a hot glue gun is a breeze as long as you follow a few basic steps and keep safety guidelines in mind.
Short Video: How to Use a Glue Gun
To use a glue gun, slide a fresh glue stick into the back of the gun, then plug the cord into the nearest outlet. Give the gun a few minutes to warm up so the glue can soften. Then, aim the nozzle close to the item you’re gluing and lightly squeeze the trigger to release the melted glue. You can apply the glue smoothly in dots, swirls or straight lines. A little goes a long way, so use the minimum amount of glue required. Let the glue dry for several minutes, and don't forget to unplug the gun when you're finished!
Loading the Glue Gun
Consult the owner's manual.Go over the owner's manual for information about safely operating your glue gun. Take note of the different components of the glue gun and how they're supposed to function. The instruction manual should be able to tell you whether your glue gun will begin heating up automatically or needs to be turned on and off, how long it typically takes to warm up, and what materials it's recommended for.
- Be sure to read through the safety warnings carefully to reduce the risk of accident or injury while using the glue gun.
- Your manual should also specify exactly what size or type of glue stick you'll need.
Inspect the glue gun for signs of damage.Before plugging in or using the glue gun, look over the body to check for cracking, splitting, chipping or any other indications of damage. Make sure you also take a look at the electrical cord to see if there’s any frayed or broken wires. It can be very dangerous to operate a glue under under these conditions.
- Because of their electrical and heating elements, a malfunctioning glue gun can be extremely hazardous to use.
Make sure the nozzle is free of old glue residue.There should be a clear path for the melted glue to emerge from the tip of the glue gun. If necessary, remove the nozzle and wipe it down with a piece of aluminum foil to take off dried glue, or use a toothpick to clean out the hole. Your glue gun should always be free of excess residue from past projects before each use.
- Always make sure the glue gun is unplugged before handling or removing the nozzle.
- Never use water to clean a glue gun. In the worst case scenario, you may simply have to wait until the glue gun warms up enough for the old stuck-on glue to drip off.
Load a glue stick into the back of the gun.Take a fresh glue stick and place one end into the circular opening in the back of the gun. Slide it in until it stops. If there is already a partially used glue stick in the gun, finish that stick before inserting a new one. Your glue gun does not need to be loaded with a new stick for each project.
- Most glue sticks are uniformly sized and made to fit any glue gun model. Check the instructions or specifications of your glue gun when buying replacement glue sticks just to be on the safe side.
Plug the glue gun’s cord into an electrical outlet.Locate an electric outlet in the wall nearest to where you’ll be working on your project. Stick the glue gun’s electric cord into the socket. The glue gun’s heating element will automatically begin to warm the glue stick inside, so don’t touch the nozzle or leave the glue gun unattended once it has been plugged in. Ensure you’re your glue gun is upright in its stand to avoid accidents.
- Again, check the electrical cord for any signs of damage or deterioration before plugging it in. An cord in bad condition can present a possible fire risk.
- Some glue gun models are cordless, giving you more freedom to choose where and how you work. If you can't find one of these, try using an extension cord to increase your range within your work area.
Operating the Glue Gun
Wait for the glue to heat up.Give the glue gun a couple minutes to soften the glue. Once it’s been sufficiently melted, the glue will ooze out when you pull the trigger. For most glue guns, the heating process will take around two minutes. Larger and industrial-grade glue guns may require up to five minutes to heat the glue enough to make it easily dispensable.
- Some glue guns will have on/off switches, while others won’t. If your model does, it will need to be placed in the “on” position before it will begin heating up the glue. Otherwise, it will start warming as soon as it is plugged in.
- Rest the glue gun on the wire support stand at its base when it’s not in use. Never lay an active glue gun on its side.
Lightly squeeze the trigger to release the melted glue.Aim the nozzle of the glue gun downwards and place it close the item you’ll be gluing. Gently squeeze the trigger of the gun until melted glue begins to emerge from the nozzle. Glue directly onto the item’s surface, leaving the nozzle in contact. Apply the glue smoothly in dots, swirls or straight lines.
- Place a piece of scrap cardboard or foil beneath the object you’re gluing to catch stray strands of glue.
- Try gluing a few pieces of throwaway material to get a feel for your glue gun before using it for projects that require precision.
- If possible, wear a pair of gloves while working with hot glue to protect your hands from the heat and mess.
Only use as much glue as you need.Start with a modest amount of glue and then determine whether you need more. A little glue goes a long way. The melted glue will flow fairly quickly once the trigger is pulled, and it can be easy to use too much if you’re not careful. Avoid saturating the item you’re gluing or applying the glue in messy globs. Glue can set up rather quickly, so only use as much as you need as you go.
- Attaching Styrofoam letters to diorama will only take a small dot, for instance, while you might want to add more glue in a zig-zag or spiral pattern to securely hold objects with large surface areas or heavy parts.
- Hot glue is meant to be applied somewhat thickly, but using an excessive amount can cause softer surfaces to grow stiff and may be unsightly.
- Chances are that if you use too much, at some point you'll need to know how to remove hot glue.
Wait for the glue to dry.Remove the nozzle from the item you just finished gluing. If the glue gun model you’re using has an on/off switch, flip it to the “off” position and set it aside. Allow the glue to dry for several minutes. The bond between the glued surfaces will solidify as the glue sets up. It can be helpful to hold your items with your hands or a clamp as the glue sets for a tight bond.
Using a Glue Gun for Various Projects
Keep a glue gun handy for basic repairs.Make a home in your toolbox for a glue gun when performing minor indoor repair jobs. Hot glue works especially well on wood and plastic objects in cool, dry conditions. Whether it’s securing a bit of loose panelling or sticking your child’s toys back together, glue guns create a fairly strong, flexible bond that will serve just about any general adhesive task.
- You should not try to hold moving parts or heavy, precarious objects together using a glue gun. Big jobs should always be carried out by contractors using the proper tools.
Try a glue gun for creative crafts.The next time you’re helping your kids with a school project or putting together homemade holiday decorations, reach for the hot glue gun instead of the Elmer’s. It’s better for larger variety of surfaces, goes on cleaner and won’t cause paper to wrinkle and colors to bleed the way some craft glues do. A small dab of hot glue will help your DIY creations hold up longer.
- It is difficult to remove hot glue once it has set up. Make sure that the measurements, angles and dimensions of your craft project are perfect before gluing it down.
Make alterations to clothing.Hem an ill-fitting pair of pants with a ring of hot glue, or use it to reattach a button that’s popped off. Unlike many types of bonding materials, hot glue is actually quite successful on fabrics. It will work best, however, on parts of clothing like buttons, zippers and other functional features. Though it might not provide the permanency of stitching or tailoring, gluing will do the trick for small alterations if you have no other alternative.
- Repeated washings will eventually deteriorate glue that is used on clothing, especially in warm water.
- Use hot glue to secure patches, rhinestones and other accessories to clothing.
Use a glue gun on delicate surfaces.Because of its thick, gel-like consistency, hot glue works better for sticking thin, easily damaged surfaces together than more liquid adhesives like paste and even superglue. Watery glues can be difficult to apply, require longer to take effect and have a higher chance of damaging sensitive materials than hot glue. Hot glue is also versatile, and will often hold together temperamental objects that don’t take well to other types of adhesives. Just make sure any delicate parts are aligned before application.
- Apply a small amount of glue when working with delicate materials to keep from ruining it.
- Hot glue works on lace, wicker, paper, cotton and even confectionary items like those used to make candy arrangements and gingerbread houses.
QuestionMy glue is too short so my glue gun is not responding to it. I tried pull the glue stick out, but unfortunately my glue stick broke inside the gun. What should I do?
General ContractorGeneral ContractorExpert AnswerJust add another glue stick and use it to push through the shorter one.Thanks!
QuestionDo I have to remove the glue stick after using it?
General ContractorGeneral ContractorExpert AnswerNo, the glue stick can remain in the gun until your next project.Thanks!
QuestionHow do I cool the gun down quickly if it has overheated?
General ContractorGeneral ContractorExpert AnswerSimply unplug it.Thanks!
QuestionAre there different glue sticks for different guns?
General ContractorGeneral ContractorExpert AnswerYes. Glue sticks come in different sizes.Thanks!
QuestionHow long do you need to wait until it heats up?
General ContractorGeneral ContractorExpert AnswerGive the gun 3 minutes to warm up, and then squeeze the trigger to check if the glue is flowing.Thanks!
QuestionWhy doesn't my glue gun heat up?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerSometimes during the first use, the glue gun may have heated up no glue is coming out. If so, push the hot glue stick while pressing the trigger and this should engage the stick and cause the hot glue to come out. If not, test the temperature of the stick by pressing it against another stick on your hot melt glue (it should melt when coming in contact with the hot tip. If none of these methods work and you are certain your glue gun is faulty, then arrange for a refund/exchange of goods.Thanks!
QuestionDo I have to place an aluminum sheet under the nozzle of glue gun?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerNo, but it can protect your work surface. You can even use a sheet of paper. Hot glue will sometimes drip out of the nozzle when you are not using it. The sheet will catch these drips and make clean-up easier.Thanks!
QuestionCan I remove a glue stick if there's still some left over?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerOf course! Just wait until the gun has cooled down and slide that sucker out.Thanks!
QuestionExactly how long does it take to warm up a mini glue gun?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerIt depends. If you hold the glue gun handle and it's warm, it's most likely ready. The warming up period usually takes around five minutes. Read the manual accompanying the glue gun, as it will tell you how long it takes. Never overcharge it.Thanks!
QuestionCan breathing in glue fumes endanger my health?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerGenerally no, as most hot glue guns are relatively fume free or produce very little fumes. It would be a good idea to avoid intentionally breathing in the fumes or working in a confined area.Thanks!
- Because glue gun glue melts when it's heated, it isn't the best choice for items that are likely to be exposed to elevated temperatures. This means you may want to find another way to repair a chipped coffee mug or reattach the soles of your summer sneakers.
- If you get hot glue on your skin, run the area under cold water to soothe the burn and harden the glue enough to peel it off.
- Stock up on extra glue sticks so that you'll always have plenty on hand for big projects.
- Make sure the glue gun has cooled sufficiently before putting it away or removing the nozzle.
- Store the glue gun in a cool, dry place when it is not in use.
- If glue stops flowing as freely from the nozzle, give the glue stick a twist as you hold the trigger down and lightly push it further into the gun.
- Use a hair dryer on a low setting to melt away those pesky strings that have a tendency to form as you pull the nozzle away.
- Never point a glue gun upwards or use it on overhead objects.
- Do not touch the nozzle of a glue gun that is plugged in and switched to the "on" position. It will be extremely hot.
- Do not let young children or toddlers be around with it or use it because the hot glue can cause serious burns.
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